Speaking about the Deen with No Knowledge

By Abu Usama
Jumuah Khutbah: “Speaking about the Deen with No Knowledge”

Imam Ibn-ul Qayyim rahimuhallah says in ‘ilam al-muwaqqien:

And indeed Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala prohibited speaking about Him without knowledge in giving fatwaa and issuing judicial rulings, and He made it from the greatest of the muharramaat (the prohibited matters). Rather, He placed it in the highest level from them. So He said- Ta’aala:

قُلۡ إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ رَبِّىَ ٱلۡفَوَٲحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنۡہَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَٱلۡإِثۡمَ وَٱلۡبَغۡىَ بِغَيۡرِ ٱلۡحَقِّ وَأَن تُشۡرِكُواْ بِٱللَّهِ مَا لَمۡ يُنَزِّلۡ بِهِۦ سُلۡطَـٰنً۬ا وَأَن تَقُولُواْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ

“Say, “My Lord has only forbidden immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know.” al-A’raaf: 33

So He arranged the muharramaat in four levels, and He began with the least of them, and it is al-Fawaahish (lewd, evil sins of every kind) then secondly He followed with what is more severe than it in prohibition and it is al-Ithm (sins of all kinds) and ath-Thulm (unrighteous oppression), then mentioned thirdly what is greater than them in prohibition and it is shirk with Him. Then He followed
fourthly with what is more severe in prohibition than all of that, and it is speaking about Him without knowledge. And this is general to speaking about Him without knowledge in His Asmaa’ was-Sifaat (Beautiful Names and Perfect Attributes) and His Af’aal (Actions), His Deen, and His Shar’ (legislation)…

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says to the meaning:

وَلَا تَقُولُواْ لِمَا تَصِفُ أَلۡسِنَتُڪُمُ ٱلۡكَذِبَ هَـٰذَا حَلَـٰلٌ۬ وَهَـٰذَا حَرَامٌ۬ لِّتَفۡتَرُواْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡكَذِبَ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَفۡتَرُونَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡكَذِبَ لَا يُفۡلِحُونَ

“And say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely: This is lawful and this is forbidden, so as to invent lies against Allah. Verily, those who invent lies against Allah will never prosper.” Surah Nahl: 116

Allah poses a threat to those who lie on Him and His rulings. His statement are for those who say something is prohibited when Allah never prohibited it, and for those who make something permissible when Allah never permitted that thing.This is clear that it is not permissible for one to say that this is “halaal” or this is “haraam” except with knowledge that Allah indeed made such a thing halaal or haraam. Yet today we hear these sayings that of “I think”, “my opinion is”, “my heart tells me this”, we live in a time where everyone thinks they have to give their two cents in every single issue when it comes to Islamic verdicts, where everyone has an answer when it comes to a question pertaining to Islam.

By Allah if these same people were asked a question about a broken part of a car they would direct you to a mechanic, if they were asked about a problem with a computer they would direct you to an IT expert, each time directing to a specialist, to an expert in the field because they know if they do not know and attempted to fix the problem they would look like fools, subhanAllah these are matters pertaining to Dunya in which we are afraid of embarrassing ourselves in front of others, yet when it comes to the Deen of Allah azzawajal EVERYONE is an expert, everyone has the answers, is this the status we have placed our Deen on, Allahul Mustaan.


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